The Quadram Institute is looking to reduce the problems caused by microbes in the food chain by delivering an enhanced understanding of the ecology, evolution and survival strategies of pathogens in the food chain, including the drivers of antimicrobial resistance, to improve human health.
Microbes in the food chain represent a major global challenge to health and the economy, through foodborne infections and through their contribution to the problem of antimicrobial resistance.
Working in collaboration with other BBSRC-supported institutes, we are harnessing the latest genomic technologies to track the emergence, evolution and spread of foodborne pathogens in the food chain. Run 3 clout games multiplayer.
Our research focusses on E. coli, Salmonella, Listeria and Campylobacter, as the major causes of foodborne illness.
Try to keep your microbe chain inside the circle while it grows bigger and bigger! Don't get knocked out by the other microbes zooming! Play Count: 10807. Microbeads are tiny bits of plastic found in exfoliating body washes and facial scrubs. Since their introduction in 1972, they have made their way into more than 100 personal care products sold.
Our approach is to gather isolates from across the whole of the food chain, from soil, water, farms, animals, processing factories and humans, to get the fullest possible picture of the genomic epidemiology of these bacteria. Whilst many human isolates have been catalogued, comparatively few have been taken from the food chain environment, so completing this dataset will allow us to identify where foodborne pathogens arise from, and which are the major locations for bacterial communities that potentially could impact health.
Comparative genomics will allow us to identify what drives the emergence of antimicrobial resistance as well as other survival strategies, such as the formation of biofilms that resist cleaning, Salmonella’s ability to colonise plants and animals, and E. coli’s evasion of host defences.
The interdisciplinary team of researchers within the Quadram Institute is at the cutting edge of microbial cell biology, genomics, metagenomics, modelling and bioinformatics. Working strategically with partners on the Norwich Research Park and elsewhere, we will be developing novel approaches to sequencing and genomic analysis to better understand the microbiology of the food chain. This will allow us to identify new intervention strategies to stop pathogen spread in the food chain, either working through our ongoing collaborations with food production companies, or through novel techniques, potentially developed through bioprospecting for useful enzymes or probiotic bacterial strains.
Epidemiology, genomics and antimicrobial resistance of bacteria
Bacterial diversity and tropical infections
Rapid infectious disease and foodborne pathogen diagnosis/detection
Bacteria Chain Of Infection
Investigating the evolution of antimicrobial resistance
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Microbe Food Chain
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Marine microbes are tiny, single-celled organisms that live in the ocean and account for more than 98 percent of ocean biomass.
Marine bacteria growing on an agar plate. Image courtesy of Lophelia II 2012 Expedition, NOAA-OER/BOEM.Download image (jpg, 100 KB).
The term “marine microbe” covers a diversity of microorganisms, including Bacteria, Archaea, Eukaryota, and viruses. These organisms are exceedingly small—only 1/8000th the volume of a human cell and spanning about 1/100th the diameter of a human hair. Up to a million of them live in just one milliliter of seawater.
Despite being found everywhere on Earth—in your belly, dirt, the oceans—the diversity and distribution of microorganisms remain under-sampled and uncharted, especially in the deep sea.
We know that microbes are the Earth’s processing factories of biological, geological, and chemical (biogeochemical) interactions. Most marine microbes exist in highly organized and interactive communities that are versatile, complex, and difficult to analyze. They account for more than 98 percent of ocean biomass and possess as much variability as the environments they inhabit.
These organisms are capable of existing in practically any environment and garnering energy from a variety of sources, ranging from solar radiation to chemosynthesis. They play many different roles in the marine environment, from being the base of the food chain to controlling much of the flow of marine energy and nutrients and being essential to the ocean’s health.
Marine microbe communities can evolve rapidly in response to environmental shifts and could be used as indicators of ocean change. In fact, marine microbes can be “the canary in the coal mine” for the marine environment. In addition, they are also drivers of change in the ocean. Consequently, it is very important to acquire baseline information about these microorganisms against which future changes could be identified.