Hughes is one of the early settlers of Valley county, Nebraska, who have been able to acquire a competency and retire from active life. Hughes was born in Sullivan county, Indiana, August 13, 1850, seventh of eight children born to Hampton and Nancy (Patton) Hughes. Princeton students freeing a trapped train during a blizzard, March 12, 1888. Historical Photograph Collection, Student Photographers Series (AC163), Box SP1, Image No. It snowed continuously March 11-14, 1888, dumping up to 50 inches of snow on some parts of the northeastern seaboard.
One of the worst storms ever to hit the United States is typically known as “Great Blizzard of 1888,” but you may find it referred to as the “Great White Hurricane.” In it, Princeton students played a historic role in rescuing passengers aboard a train stuck in a snowbank, people were trapped inside for a week or more in most northeastern cities, and residents of the Atlantic coastal region had stories they would tell for generations.
Princeton students freeing a trapped train during a blizzard, March 12, 1888. Historical Photograph Collection, Student Photographers Series (AC163), Box SP1, Image No. 39.
It snowed continuously March 11-14, 1888, dumping up to 50 inches of snow on some parts of the northeastern seaboard. Travel and communications systems shut down for about a week. Professor William Berryman Scott wrote that some snowdrifts didn’t melt until June, but the weather caught people by surprise since early March had been so warm:
Saturday, as I clearly remember, was a balmy, cloudless spring day and Sunday was mild, but rainy, and the official forecast for Monday was “colder, northwesterly winds.” Never were poor mortals more bewildered than we, when we got up on Monday morning, to find ourselves back in midwinter, a furious gale driving the snow in horizontal lines. … For three days the blizzard continued, with very gradually diminishing violence, and the enormous drifts were such as have never been seen here since…
In the midst of the storm, Princeton students dug a train out of several feet of snow, allowing it to run to Princeton Junction to rescue 250 stranded passengers caught in a drift about three quarters of a mile south of the station. Walking along the tracks, the passengers saw students waiting for them with sandwiches and coffee. The train had been stuck for two nights while passengers paced to keep warm, children cried from hunger and fear, and local farmers became villains in many newspapers across the country for offering food to them at exorbitant prices (50 cents per slice of bread, $1 for a slice of ham, and $25 for a bottle of applejack). Isaac Coale of the Class of 1890, who was involved in helping with the rescue operation, wrote to his mother that a farmer selling these sandwiches was nearly mobbed, “though I believe he escaped with no bones broken.” He described trying to help prevent passengers from suffering from frostbite by warming them at the station.
Stockholm sabotagegraffiti movies & documentaries. Train stuck in snow near Princeton, March 12, 1888. Historical Photograph Collection, Student Photographers Series (AC163), Box SP1, Image No. 36.
The New York Times quoted a Princeton student who arrived with other students carrying shovels and baskets of food and coffee, “Here, boys, here’s life for you; don’t despair, we’ll soon have you out of this.” Thanks to their efforts, the train was able to begin running again, but it couldn’t take passengers far. In this part of New Jersey during the blizzard, the only railroad line that was passable was the one the students had cleared. Many passengers on the train paid local farmers for lodging. At some point, some of the stranded travelers were taken to a hotel in Trenton to wait for an opportunity to leave about a week later.
Princeton students freeing a train trapped by snow, March 12, 1888. Historical Photograph Collection, Student Photographers Series (AC163), Box SP1, Image No. 38.
Most residents’ lives ground to a halt. Milk deliveries came through tunnels in the snow banks, pushed along on a sleigh by hand. There was an effort to make life on campus go on as before, however, as the Nassau Literary Reviewreported:
To-night the whole face of the country is changed. The heaviest snowfall of half a century lies in drifts about the college halls, and the wind is whistling past as if winter had come back to stay forever. Travel is stopped, even on the great trunk lines, and our little village lies like an island in a sea of snow, wholly cut off from the rest of the world. Already there are signs of an exhaustion of supplies in town, and unless communications are opened soon we may learn by hard experience what a blizzard means. But in college things are going on just the same. The whole country may be buried in snow, telegraph lines may be broken, mails may be stopped, and whole trains of hapless travelers frozen stiff, but the chapel bell stops ringing with the utmost punctuality at 8:15 sharp, and recitations go on with the regularity of the poet’s brook.
James McCosh, then in his late 70s, did not allow his routine to be disturbed, either; he went out in the height of the storm (“when a number of students were afraid to venture out”) to pick up his mail. Students urged the administration not to count absences against them in the aftermath. “To many of the students of a weak constitution, it would have been foolish and most dangerous to venture out of doors or attempt to attend recitations.”
Nassau Street as it appeared in mid-March, 1888. Photo from Princeton Recollector.
Children's Blizzard Of 1888 Resourcesteam Patton Silver Dollar
The reality for students and faculty was that in spite of any effort to go on as usual, the storm was disruptive to their lives, as Coale wrote. As he made his way to mandatory chapel the first day of the storm,
The whole way was one continuous drift of snow sometimes eight or ten feet deep and a strong wind almost blinding me by blowing snow in my face. When I got to chapel I found about a hundred others there who had so suddenly found themselves out in the snow that they concluded they might as well go on as turn back. After chapel I tried my hand at braving the storm and wading more drifts on my way to breakfast. When that was over I came back to my room and devoted the next hour to shoveling snow which had drifted in at the open window and in trying to make the room habitable. I attended the ten o’clock recitation where to my surprise I found Dr. Orris waiting for us. …
The snow, I think, averages three feet in depth and is terribly drifted. I was on top a drift last night which extended straight across the street. It was twenty feet high and fifty feet in thickness. Roads have to be cut through them and nearly all the walks of the college campus are guarded by palisades of snow from three to twelve feet high. …
I have had a rather easy time this week for Professor Orris did not meet us yesterday and today Prof. Armstrong is kept in New York and can’t get here to deliver his lecture.
Coale’s letter also indicates that at first those in Princeton weren’t aware of whether they were alone in the severe weather or if it was more widespread.
I have not seen a newspaper since Saturday and can not find out whether the storm is general throughout the country or not. My reason for thinking that it is confined largely to the Atlantic coast lies in the fact that a letter which came in the mail from Philadelphia today was mailed in Chicago on Monday which shows that there can not have been any serious blockades west of Philadelphia. … All telegraphic communication was suspended by the storm and just last night was one wire connected between Jersey City and Trenton.
Despite all this, the alumni held their annual reunion as scheduled in New York on March 15. Though it was not as well attended as usual given the difficulty for travel, about 200 graduates gathered to celebrate. The first train to reach New York that week carried some of the attendees. This was in part because the event was meant as a kind of retirement celebration for James McCosh and a welcome to the new president, Francis L. Patton, and many alumni were curious about the new administration’s approach. McCosh wasn’t able to reach New York in spite of his pluck, however, so the event largely celebrated Patton.
Meanwhile, Princeton’s librarian, Frederic Vinton, was compiling a scrapbook to document the events surrounding the blizzard. Vinton made a handful of scrapbooks in his tenure as a way to provide reference books to students about national events, even before books could be published. His scrapbook tracks destruction and tragedy throughout the region. More than 400 people died from the storm, with 200 deaths in New York City and 100 at sea in wrecked ships. Many others were injured.
Alumni were among those devastated by the blizzard. John Calvin Holmes of Princeton’s Class of 1863 had been a doctor for 26 years, but after getting caught in the storm on horseback while performing his duties, he lost his hearing from exposure. As a result, Holmes had to make a career change, turning instead to manufacturing perfume before his health totally failed him two years later. “If I did not have the consciousness of knowing that perhaps I did some good in the years from 1864 to 1890,” Holmes later wrote, “I should consider my life a sad failure.”
The legacy of the 1888 blizzard is with us today in many ways. Officials noted the dangers associated with having telegraph, gas, telephone, and water lines above ground, and this infrastructure began to be buried to protect it from severe weather. In Boston and New York, the blizzard’s effect on public transit pushed these cities to move it, too, underground. Boston began work on a subway system that opened September 1, 1897. New York followed Boston’s lead, opening its own subway in 1904.
Historical Photograph Collection, Student Photographers Series (AC163)
Princeton, Sixty-Three: Fortieth-Year Book of the Members of the Class of 1863. N.p., 1904.
Scott, William Berryman. Some Memories of a Palaeontologist. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1939.
Vinton, Frederic. Collection of Newspaper Accounts Concerning the New York City Snowstorm of 1888 Known as the Great White Hurricane of 1888.
The bomb cyclone over the rockies as another system impacts the Eastern U.S.
Pacific Northwest windstorm
|Formed||November 26, 2019|
|Dissipated||December 3, 2019 (moved out to sea)|
|Lowest pressure||973.4 mb (28.74 inHg)|
|Highest gust||106 mph (171 km/h) at Cape Blanco, Oregon; >60 mph recorded in 11 states|
|Areas affected||Pacific Northwest, Southwestern United States, Midwestern United States, Northeastern United States|
The November 26 – December 3, 2019 North American blizzard was a major winter storm from the Rocky Mountains to the Northeast as well as a record breaking windstorm along the West Coast (In California and Oregon in particular). It occurred the week of American Thanksgiving, hampering travel for millions across the United States.
Moving ashore on the night of November 26 near the Oregon/California border, the storm produced a record low pressure reading of 973.4 millibars in Crescent City, California. From November 27–30, the low merged with the subtropical jet as it tracked slowly eastward across the Rockies, Plains and Midwest. The combination of cold air, moisture and high winds produced a wide swath of blizzard conditions from Colorado through western South Dakota, including the Denver area. In Rapid City, 14.5 inches (370 mm) of snow fell on the 30th, breaking the one-day snowfall record for November. In Duluth, it was the city's heaviest snowstorm in ten years. As the first major winter storm of the season in the northeast, it dumped 22.6 inches (570 mm) of snow in Albany, where it was the heaviest snowfall since the 1993 Superstorm. Widespread totals in excess of 20 inches (510 mm) occurred in the Albany Metro, Southern New Hampshire and Northwestern Massachusetts with a regional peak of 36 inches (910 mm) of snow in New Ipswich, New Hampshire. The storm finally moved out to sea December 3. It was given the name (Winter storm) Ezekiel by The Weather Channel.
Entering the United States late on November 26 as a powerful bomb cyclone/Pacific Northwest windstorm, it made landfall in Crescent City, California with a minimum pressure of 973.4 mb, unofficial breaking state records. Over the following three days it merged with the subtropical jet stream as it trekked slowly eastward over the Rockies, High Plains and Midwest. On December 1–2 it entered the Northeast as the first major winter storm of the season, moving out to sea by December 3.
Whilst southern Oregon and northern California received wind gusts exceeding 100 mph, southern California and Arizona experienced widespread heavy rain, severe thunderstorms and flash flooding. Although much of the L.A. Basin only received between ½ and ¾ of an inch of rain, local totals amounted to 2.17 inches of rain in Long Beach. Following the recent drought and wildfires, the ground had reduced ability to absorb rain water and so the NWS warned of the possibility of flash floods and debris flows. Flash floods with up to two feet of standing water occurred in San Diego. Hail fell in Grotela in association with a heavier burst of rain (likely a thunderstorm) that moved through the area. Freezing levels fell below 3,000 feet, meaning that high elevation suburbs of Los Angeles like Palmdale and Victorville received accumulating snow. The snow was disruptive to Thanksgiving travelers as it weighed down and snapped tree limbs and closed Interstate 5 at Parker Road and the Grapevine. Over a foot of snow fell in the mountains of northern Arizona and several tornado warnings for issued for the central portion of the state. A flooded Tonto Creek swept away a vehicle containing three children.
Rocky Mountains and High Plains
Denver saw an unusually snowy November partially thanks to this storm alone. It dumped nearly twice the average monthly snowfall total (7.5 inches) on the city. Some parts of the foothills accumulated in excess of 40 inches of snow. In the central and northern Plains freezing drizzle fell on Thanksgiving Day and Black Friday, transitioning to snow, and then heavy snow, overnight. On the following day, November 30, winds increased, gusting from 45 to 60 mph at times, creating blizzard conditions. In Rapid City, South Dakota, 14.5 and 15.9 inches of snow fell, breaking the one-day and two-day November snowfall records respectively. In the northern Black Hills, a local mountain range, over two feet of snow fell. One person was killed in a rollover crash near Cavour. The individual, as well as their passenger, weren't wearing seat-belts. A crash on I-15 near Willard, Utah also proved to be fatal.
In Duluth, Minnesota, 21.7 inches of snow fell at the airport, where wind gusts frequently exceeded 35 mph, meeting blizzard criteria. The snowfall accumulation was the ninth-heaviest on record and the most in ten years. Near Patton, Missouri, two boys, ages 5 and 8, and the vehicle they were riding in, were swept away. A 48-year-old man died in a separate incident near Sedgewickville, Missouri.
Northeast and Mid-Atlantic
In Albany, 22.6 inches of snow fell, making the storm the eighth and fourth-worst overall and for December, respectively and the most intense since the 1993 Superstorm. Seven New York counties placed on a 'State of emergency' and Boston public schools closed in the storm's aftermath, although school boards closed in a dozen counties from North Carolina to Maine. In the NYC metro/tri-state area, 80,000 lost power and 370 flights were cancelled. Pennsylvania transportation officials reduced the speed limit to 45 mph on Interstates 80, 81, 84, 476 and 380. Several other states also put either travel restrictions or speed-limit reductions into effect. Snowfall closed portions of the Blue Ridge Parkway and Highway 441 in North Carolina and Virginia.
Children's Blizzard Of 1888 Resourcesteam Patton Oswalt
From the storm's landfall in California to its exit from the Northeast, it produced snowfall in at least 30 states:
- Arizona: 30 inches at Arizona Snowbowl
- California: 49 inches near Cedar Grove
- Colorado: 15 inches at Wolf Creek Pass
- Connecticut: 18 inches at North Granby
- Idaho: 20 inches estimated at Sun Valley Resort
- Maine: 15.5 inches at Kittery
- Massachusetts: 28 inches in Peru
- Michigan: 28 inches at Gould City
- Minnesota: 25.1 inches near Carlton
- Montana: 14 inches in Choteau
- Nebraska: 14 inches in Chadron
- Nevada: 18 inches at Mt. Rose Summit
- New Hampshire: 36 inches near New Ipswich
- New Jersey: 14.3 inches in Highland Lakes
- New Mexico: 16.6 inches near Black Lake
- New York: 28 inches in Fultonville
- North Carolina: 6 inches near Santeetlah
- North Dakota: 16 inches in Fredonia
- Oregon: 15 inches estimated near Rock Creek
- Pennsylvania: 14 inches in Susquehanna
- Rhode Island: 11.8 inches in Chepachet
- South Dakota: 30 inches in Lead
- Tennessee: 4.5 inches in Mount LeConte
- Utah: 48 inches at Snowbasin Resort
- Vermont: 26 inches in Woodford
- Virginia: 4 inches near Jewell Ridge
- Washington: 23 inches near Wenatchee
- West Virginia: 7 inches near Parcoal
- Wisconsin: 31 inches near Washburn
- Wyoming: 30 inches in Muddy Gap
Children's Blizzard Of 1888 Nebraska
Children's Blizzard Of 1888 Resourcesteam Patton War
The Winter Storm was dubbed Winter Storm Ezekiel by the Weather Channel.
- ^'Cross-Country Winter Storm Brought Snow, Ice and Wind Thanksgiving Week Into Early December (RECAP)'. The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2020-01-10.
- ^'Thanksgiving storm blankets Southern California mountains, turns deadly in Arizona'.
- ^'The Ten Biggest Colorado Weather Stories in 2019'.
- ^'November 29–30 Blizzard and Winter Storm'.
- ^'NWS Duluth twitter'.
- ^'NWS Duluth twitter'.
- ^'Twitter'. mobile.twitter.com. Retrieved 2020-01-10.
- ^'Winter Storm Leaves Tens of Thousands without Power in New Jersey, New York and Pennsylvania; Boston Schools Closed'. The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2020-01-10.
- ^'Cross-Country Winter Storm Brought Snow, Ice and Wind Thanksgiving Week Into Early December (RECAP)'. The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2020-01-10.